Nelson Mandela was a civil rightsleader in South Africa. He fought againstapartheid, a system where non-white citizens were segregated from whites and did not have equal rights. He would become president of South Africa. Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in Mvezo, South Africa. His birth name is Rolihlahla. He got the nickname Nelson from a teacher in school. Mandela would spend 27 years in prison. His prison sentence brought international visibility to the anti-apartheid movement. He was finally released through international pressure in 1990. After prison, Nelson Mandela worked hard and finally, in 1994 election. Nelson Mandela won the election and became president of South Africa. In 2004, Mandela announced his retirement from public life, although his charitable work continued. He died on 5 December 2013, aged 95.